Multiple Intelligences

In order to provide students with multiple entry points to learning, teachers must understand what type of learner their students are and what type of “intelligence” they relate to best.

According to Howard Gardner, people possess certain types of intelligences, which ultimately influences the way they learn. These intelligences are; linguistic, musical, logical-mathematical, visual-spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, interpersonal, intrapersonal and naturalistic.[1] By knowing the different intelligences, we as teachers will be better suited to understanding our students and how they learn.

Linguistic

Learners are strong with words. Students who are linguistic learners will enjoy reading, vocabulary, speaking and writing. These students will benefit from reading or listening to text as well as writing.

Examples

Reading – independently and using audio
Writing – poetry, stories, essays
Word games
Using closed captions when watching a video
Oral reports
Group Work

Musical

Learners are more attuned to rhythm and sound. Students who are musically inclined will benefit from listening to music while working or demonstrating their understanding through music and writing songs.

Examples

Listening to music while working
Record/write a song
Present content in a musical war

Logical-Mathematical

Learners are strong in reasoning and computing. Students who are logically and mathematically inclined enjoy activities that allow them to experiment, reason and question ideas and content. These students benefit from forming their own concepts and ideas instead of being given the answer.

Examples

Incorporate puzzles, brain teasers logic games
Experiments
Investigations
Mystery stories/activities

Visual/Spatial

Learners think in terms of physical space and their surroundings. Students who are visual/spatial enjoy drawing and seeing information. They benefit from videos, maps, pictures and anything that can be presented in a visual or hands-on/3D manner.

Examples

Hands on activities
Videos
Highlighters
Graphic organizers
Outlines
Calendar
Pictures and graphics
Diagrams

Bodily-Kinesthetic

Learners use their bodies and hands-on activities in order to learn. Students who are bodily-kinesthetically inclined learn by doing and physically being involved in the activity through hands-on learning.

Examples

Hands on activities
Moving around the classroom (stations)
Manipulates
Simulations
Highlighter
Group work

Interpersonal

Learners prefer to interact with others in order to learn. Students who have strong interpersonal skills benefit from working with others through group activities and discussions.

Examples

Group work
Seminars
Discussion activities

Intrapersonal

Learners are concerned with their own interests and goals. Intrapersonal learners tend to work independently and prefer to learn through an independent study or an activity that does not require them to work with others.

Examples

Independent study
Writing activity – journal, biography, writing with a particular bias/perspective

Naturalistic

Learners are attuned to nature and are interested in exploring their environment and learning about different species. Naturalistic learners prefer to learn about botany and biology and enjoy being outside.

Examples

Hands on activity
Science related
Being outside
Studying the environment